Some things can only be perceived by entering the realm of irrationality. The earliest written record of Atlantis is found in the works of Plato's dialogues 'Timaeus' and 'Critias', written in about 360 BC. Even though it wasn’t used much by the commoners of Egypt, the system of ‘hieroglyphics’ is what we know today as the Ancient Egyptian alphabet. Any speculations about how they are related? David, really appreciate all the work you put into your posts. The fourth connection is called Ka-os-Ju which signifies connection and the fifth is called Ka-os-Juga-os and is used to qualify according to the signification of the fifth degree. It is possible that Semitic people interpreted the initial consonant as a gimel, which some dialects pronounced as a hard g or k, resulting in the root kpt or kft. Abraham. A simple example is the word iota-toues-zipzi (“Egypt”). As I pondered these definitions, I thought to myself, “I wonder if there is a Chinese word that means the same thing.” One of the first words that came to mind was Kia, as in Kia Motors. But when it serves as a radical that is attached to another word, then it is in the second degree. Iota is a Greek letter, beth (defined as a place or residence) is the Hebrew word for “house,” and hahdees (described as a place of wickedness) resembles Hades, the Greek underworld. The second character copied from the papyrus appears to be the rope coil hieroglyph (Z7). ‘Beth/Rest’ the song, it just sounds like forever. 1st degree: The earth including its affinity with the other planets, with their governing powers: which are fifteen; 2nd degree: The earth under the government of another, which is one of the fixed stars; which is called Oliblish. The purestyle is characterized by fidelity and attention the nature of details and bright colors. So if words and sentences are practically the same (which means that many expressions would have more than one meaning), how can we distinguish them? As I mentioned before, determinatives help group things together into a single unit or collective. The writing is often redundant, with multiple characters clustered together. I have found that most believing scholars are not willing to touch the subject or make any kind of firm statement. In Hebrew, the y sound is represented by the letter yod (equivalent to the Greek iota), which is a small dot or apostrophe. That’s because it looks like complete gibberish. He had begun the process in the summer of 1835. Initially, I wondered if Jewish mysticists had something interesting to say about the letter vav, but I did not find anything that was particularly useful. The name Abraham is said to mean “father of many.” This etymology doesn’t really work in Hebrew, but it does if we take into account the Arabic word ruham, which means “numerous” or “multitude.” Ruham must be the Semitic equivalent of oan. I knew that if I was ever going to find an answer, it would be through pure inspiration. The default value is five, but if the character has a line over it, the number of connecting words is increased to 5×5 (25). The Church is in possession of the document that was used to translate the book of Abraham. Specifically I wanted to know where to draw the line between what is inspired and what is not. All the slots in its outermost electron shell have been filled and it is a self-contained unit. Jah-oh-eh does not refer to the earth per se, but rather to the principle of immanence, or the subtle way in which divinity connects to the material world. To the rational mind, this is hard to accept. This led me to a document from the Kirtland Egyptian Papers entitled “Grammar and Alphabet of the Egyptian Language.” From here on out, I will refer to this text as the GAEL. We have the papyrus fragments, and the translation doesn’t match the original text. The world’s brightest minds have spent years trying to make sense of Egyptian language, theology, and cosmology. Also, the description of parts having a relationship to the whole seemed eerily similar to something that I had written previously. Seven through nine are borrowed. This word, which is defined as virtue or modesty, may be equivalent to the Chinese word zi 子, which means “offspring.” Zi 子 is a component in many everyday words such as zhuozi 桌子 (“table”) and shuazi 刷子 (“brush”). Is it simply that Japeth was in on everything, as Noah’s son, or is there more to it? Itâs assumed you already know what is meant without thee vowels. The first three hieratic segments are interrelated. So we don’t really see words taking on a different part of speech, at least not in the way we are used to. He was learning things that were far beyond his ability to convey. Testimonies are non-transferable. However much Thoth had to do with giving humans their system of writing (and, to the Egyptians, 'humanity' equaled 'Egyptian'), the ancient Egyptians had to work out for themselves what this gift was and how to use it. Same thing with Egyptian, the letter is slightly different depending on its position in a word. According to the GAEL, he probably did. The characters are not far off from the Hindu-Arabic numerals that we use today. 1st degree: The King of day. If we zero in on the Wu dialects, which are spoken in and around Shanghai, we find an almost perfect match. It is related to the Arabic qalb (“heart”) and the Hebrew qarab (“to come near”). But in the context of Joseph Smith’s Egyptian grammar, everything fits. We are informed that “in translating this chara[c]ter, this subject must be continued until there are as many of these connecting parts of speech used as there are connections or connecting parts found in the character.”. I think that it is interesting that Bon Iver\Justin Vernon has this idea which Joseph Smith talked about a lot eariler. The text on that papyrus was prepared from the beginning for a single purpose. He was clumsy and did everything wrong, but somehow he still managed to solve the case. Thank you. Below you will find the character, the pronunciation and sound. The major city there, Trabzon (or Trabezus), was an important stop along the Silk Road. In addition to learning a few simple phrases, you may look into online translators that can help you expand your Egyptian Arabic comprehension. But I hope I have made my case and opened up new avenues for research. ‘Beth’ seems like this really cool name for a place you just go to be in paradise forever… And it’s a lady’s name, too. This in itself is remarkable, because it shows that Joseph was able to correctly link the character with its phonetic value. We find a similar pattern in Chinese characters. The Egyptian language survived into the early modern period in the form of the Coptic language. Talking It Out: Symbols and Sounds. A single sentence could conceal another level of meaning. It is believed that the letters we use today evolved from pictographs. Write alphabetic symbols to represent one sound or use syllabic symbols which combine two or three consonants. If the explanation to such problems is unsatisfactory, then the reader is left worse off than before. This style also incorporate… In Chinese compound ideographs, it is often hard to say why particular words were put together. It was a place where many different cultures and languages converged. The situation reminds me of the movie 12 Angry Men. Curiously, the rope coil is a subcomponent in the next group of characters, which includes the coil and bolt hieroglyph (V2). Ever since I wrote my article about the name Zion, I have picked up on clues that point to a distant relationship between Hebrew, Egyptian, and the languages of East Asia. In other words, Abraham’s name signifies one who was foreordained—chosen before he was born—to be a great leader. The second half provides information about astronomy which seems at least loosely related to certain details in the book of Abraham. As I look through the GAEL, I am like a kid in a candy store, because it contains page after page of weird words, such as Zubzooloan, Crash-ma-kraw, Slundlo, Ear-roam and Hoeoophahphaheh. Today, ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics are amongst the world’s most recognizable images. The words are different but the meaning is the same. At first it seems like an open-and-shut case. The hieroglyphic system of writing was first used around 3000 BC, and is one of the oldest writing systems historians have discovered how to … Continue reading "Ancient Egyptian Alphabet" The combination of hierós meaning “sacred” and glýphō meaning “I engrave or carve”. I began to wonder if there is a connection between animals, happiness, and the sun. As a non-Egyptologist, I can’t say what grammatical or semantic function it plays in the Sensen text. He wanted a teacher who had real authority. Today, we assume that characters or letters of the alphabet are the smallest units of language. M. Champollion, a brilliant french researcher and the father of egyptology, discovered three styles of hieroglyphs: pure, linear, and profile, each with their own characteristics. God has shown himself willing to answer every question that I have, line upon line, and he usually gives me far more than I ask for. As I look through it, I feel like a scientist who has discovered the real-world existence of a theoretical particle. As the alphabet plays such an important role in our world today, one might expect that this writing system has existed since the dawn of civilization. Look at the example here. Tesnière observed that the verb is typically the most important or influential word in a sentence. Another possible determinative in the GAEL is zi, as in zipzi. I call it as I see it, and I come to my own conclusions. It seems to be a kind of diminutive (bringing to mind the virgin motif) that classifies things as being common or familiar, not unlike the German suffixes –lein and –chen. Also significant is the fact that the Egyptians defined their nation in the same way. Jerret. Cheers, Hieroglyph is often used interchangeably with the adjective hieroglyphic. I think of the determinative as sort of a wrapping that packages all the pieces together into a single unit. We hope that by providing an easy to access source of information we can encourage more people to get interested in Ancient Egypt, and history more broadly. As I’ve written before, I often find parallels in popular culture to things I have learned in my study. Two of the characters are shown in their “dissected” form, with constituent parts identified. It is more akin to priesthood line of authority. The same principle can be applied to words in a sentence. In Chinese, the foot combined with “one” results in zhi 之, which indicates possession (“of”). Many Latter-day Saint scholars and apologists do not believe that it is. Bethka the greatest place of happiness exceeding. Look at this word mmm: The green m looks different than the red one, because it starts the word; the blue letter looks also different (shorter tail) because it ends the word. But I realized that it would be very difficult for me to find anything that would persuade others who are still skeptical. It’s kind of like timeless, and you can be lofted up into these very high places during that song.” https://www.songfacts.com/facts/bon-iver/beth-rest, Compare this to what it says here Grammar and Language of the Eygptian Language. You can’t get any smaller than individual phonemes. Letters look more beautiful that way. The other written record, papyri in What do we do? This is why the same words in the GAEL are listed out five times. It signifies an action passed: The third connection is called Kah pr-ga-os, which signifies an action to be received or come to pass. Valency can be understood to mean connecting capacity. The first section is the 5th degree, and the next is the 4th, then 3rd, 2nd and 1st. That’s when I noticed something that gave me chills. It doesn’t matter to me. Kiahbroam, we are told, is equivalent to zubzooloan. He translates the Egyptian text and offers interpretations of the illustrations. The language family is Sino-Tibetan. This goes to show that the written language we use today did not evolve from something more primitive. This is quite rare, but it would be consistent with the system of five degrees/valence levels described in the GAEL. But the semantic portion by itself will often have a different pronunciation. It turns out that the first character in this word, 起 (ki or qi), is an almost perfect match. Many characters are both logograms and phonograms, so they can be read in more ways than one. It’s like zooming in to the atomic level and discovering that atoms are composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons, and that those particles are composed of quarks, etc. This glyph looks like a man with two legs, so it’s not surprising that it means “to walk.” Zou 走 can also mean “to leave” or “depart.” Going back to the papyrus, it’s remarkable that the section that Joseph Smith transliterated as kiahbroam includes the walking legs hieroglyph, which can mean “to leave” or “to return,” depending on which way the feet are facing. Apr 14, 2018 - Ancient Egypt Hieroglyphics: A is arm. Egyptian Cultural Symbols: Pyramids (138 pyramids as of 2008), The Sphinx, Lotus Flower, Golden Eagle, Ankh (symbol of life), Egyptian Alphabet, Egyptian Coat of Arms and Egyptian Flag. I’m surprised that Latter-day Saint scholars have not really addressed the fact that Joseph Smith claimed to translate Egyptian papyri, but the translation he produced contains Semitic words like kokob (“star”) and shamayim (“heaven”). One definition in the GAEL describes it as “pointing to some particular subject.” An apparently synonymous term with the same symbol gives more information: To point out subject— that is, it signifies a combination of the subject: also to designate [distinguish] one sentence from another, according to the different marks of punctuation; signifying the whole of anything or the whole earth. If we go one layer deeper, then there are 125 connecting parts of speech, and in the layer below that, there are 625. The valency concept applied to linguistics is fascinating to me, having balanced a few chemical equations back in the day. We … Ab and zool seem to correspond to the rope coil. So I decided to just look at the GAEL to make an assessment for myself and to see if anything seemed interesting. When you add in wordplay, parallelism, and an ancient astronomical model, the case becomes quite compelling. It was widely used on the walls of public buildings. My goal here has not been to cover the topic comprehensively. The definitions of zub in the GAEL have to do with ascending: going up, being caught up, climbing, ascending toward the sun. I knew that in order to identify a plausible connection, I would have to find affinities in the core vocabulary and grammatical structure. In many ways, that would make my life easier. It is explained that the first character has something to do with Chaldea, and the first sentence in the book of Abraham speaks of the “land of the Chaldeans.” It could be argued that Joseph Smith’s followers took the inspired text of the book of Abraham and tried to work out the meaning of the characters through reverse engineering. If this book is made for him, then he will breathe like the souls of the gods forever and ever. This fact is not very different from the English way of writing in Cursive. But as we shall see, Abraham’s system of language was anything but nebulous. This character has a phonetic value of w or u (equivalent to the Hebrew letter vav). Walt Disney. Sometimes the definitions are the same; sometimes they are slightly different. The character on top of the blue "m" means "i", so we get "mi". A few out-of-the-mainstream commentators such as Ed Goble and Vincent Coon have proposed that the book of Abraham was never intended to be a word-for-word translation. This word is further defined using phrases which include “rightful heir” and “father of many nations.” If this definition is accurate, then the character must be more than a simple phoneme. He wasn’t talking about his earthly lineage. So it’s interesting to note that in the GAEL, the explanation of the reed leaf character says that one of its subcomponents is a small dot called iota. But if the book of Abraham is true, and I have no doubt that it is, what do we make of the “translation” process? But the language in the GAEL is not Semitic either. Today, hieroglyphics are only used as decorations, particularly to convey an Egyptian theme. The Document of Breathing which [Isis] made shall [also] be buried, which is written on both the inside and outside of it, [and wrapped] in royal linen, being placed [under] his left arm near his heart, while the bearer of his coffin works on its outside. But with God, nothing is impossible. Do you think Adamic lasted to the flood? Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. We know that ki and zub are connected to the walking legs hieroglyph. About 25 symbols in the But valency is actually a more accurate way of thinking about syntax. From Middle Chinese muan, it appeared in Tocharian as tumane and Persian as tuman. Flos is a Latin word meaning “bloom” or “the best part,” as in the prime of one’s life. As I mentioned before, this seems to match up with the way the rope coil appears first by itself and then part of a larger set of characters. I’m not suggesting that some Egyptian scribe secretly encoded a story about Abraham, which happens to be historically accurate, in an ordinary funeral text. In most cases itâs true. But I didn’t know how the individual morphemes line up. For example, the phrase zipzi iata veh is translated as “I saw five women.” The document explains elsewhere that iata means “to see” and zipzi means “women.” The word veh, therefore, must mean “five.” Veh is not translated in the GAEL, but a separate document labelled “Egyptian Counting” lists out the various numbers. I found this to be an interesting parallel to many of the concepts about language you use in your searching. For example, if I remove the vowels from the word "help" we get "hlp", you can still understand it means "help". I'm providing the sound so that you can hear the pronunciation of the characters. Was Joseph Smith involved in its production? See my post on Shedolamak for more on the name Cainan. One tool is the use of determinatives. Even if I set aside personal revelation and apply only rational thought, I must acknowledge that the text of the book of Abraham is genuinely ancient. This character, that is the character of the second degree, is [distinguished] from characters of the first degree by the manner of its being inserted in the compound: as follows: when it is connected it has the signification of the second degree; and when disconnected from the names of other places, it stands for the original sound…. One of the first things I noticed about the GAEL is that it is internally consistent. The meaning is perfectly consistent; it is a determinative indicating plurality. You are right that an acrostic -like pattern plays a part. The first character that was copied from the Sensen papyrus is the hieratic version of the reed leaf hieroglyph.
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