Therefore, hypserscalers are willing to adjust commissioning requirements to reduce cost. Siemon offers a wide range of infrastructure solutions for Hyperscale data centers such as Fiber and Copper Cabling, Custom Design, Engineering and Rapid Manufacturing across global with … The transaction expands Vantage’s total footprint in the Province … MEMS Inphi Introduces Next-Generation 400G DR4 Silicon Photonics Platform Solution for Hyperscale Data Center Networks Shannon Davis. Purchase, bid, evaluate and contract is a thing of the past and a linear, engineering approach will cost more and take longer to deploy in this exploding market sector. Inspired by keynotes from Facebook and Mellanox, I had charted in my blog post “ The Four Pillars of Hyperscale Computing ” the progression of hardware and software in the data center … The critical load is transferred almost instantaneously to the reserve block through static transfer switches so that no power interruption is encountered to critical loads during this transfer of power. AFL Hyperscale provide the answer to your evolving data center network, building and delivering advanced, scalable network infrastructure solutions. The way it was ‘always done’ will not lead to successful design and build of hyperscale data centers. Aug 17, 2018. What’s in a system? Data centers … APAC Hyperscale Data Center Market – Segmentation • The IT hyperscale data center market in China & Hong Kong is expected to reach over $11 billion in 2025. Data center operators face increased needs for scale-out data center architecture, which enables the scaling of critical data center components as and when the demand increases. Hyperscale data centers are designed to be massively scalable compute architectures. These include the boards, the packaged chips that due to the reticle limit often are 3D-IC integrations of chiplets, the systems on chips (are we allowed to call them systems anymore? Therefore, a hyperscale tenant may require two of these smaller primary blocks while an enterprise tenant may require only one. For example, one server might have multiple power suppliers and many hard drives. They require co-design from the multi-rack data center infrastructure—which by itself is just a component of the full hyperscale network enabling the data journey from sensors through devices, near and far edge, networks to the data center—through the clusters at which micro-second latency is achieved. Hyperscalers will require 240-300 watts per square foot or 15 kilowatt per rack. Last week I wrote two posts about the progression from the first commercial computers to today's hyperscale cloud data centers. For more details, please see my recent keynote at the ACCAD workshop at ICCAD. As indicated, artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) are not only enabled by applying EDA and computational software flows, but they are also using AI/ML to make these flows more productive. Definitions are blurring, but the debate goes on. While each state varies in the incentives, all offer a compelling case for reducing construction cost and operating cost. Stream drives … Our engineers have the necessary experience for large data center projects. While philosophies differ from hyperscaler to hyperscaler, there are some common design elements that are the same. Lower Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) – Power is the major cost factor that affects TCO in a data center… The host must be informed when garbage collection is going to start and how fast it can finish the job. He discussed how the next-generation network interconnect between servers has to reach microsecond latency in the context of new software and hardware for direct reads/writes of remote servers across the resource pools “compute”, “flash”, “NVRAM” and “DRAM.” He referred to this as the fifth epoch of distributed computing and named it “Max General Compute, Accelerators and Tail at Scale”, requiring 10us latencies for memory/storage access with distributed runtimes, and multi-server, multi-threaded concurrency. Traditional Data Centers. It seemed incredibly complex at the time I was working on it, like a system in itself. The co-location for hyperscale design balances the procurement just-in-time process by using commodity components and skidding inventory. Economic incentives: At the end of 2018, there were 26 states that offered tax incentives for building and operating data centers. The number of so-called “hyperscale” data centers worldwide surpassed 390 at the end of 2017, including openings in Australia, Brazil, China, Germany, India, Malaysia, the U.K., and the U.S., according to new data from Synergy Research Group.. For the past 10 years, co-location and wholesale data center providers have been focusing on enterprise clients. New data suggests that more chips are being forced to respin due to analog issues. Hyperscale cloud deployments are driving the colocation data center market and the design of modern data center facilities. When combined, all of these accelerated the calculation of the motion vectors needed to do the MPEG encoding of HDTV video signals, the predecessor of the algorithms powering the video in our Zoom/WebEx/Teams calls today. “I’m here to tell you how your career is secure for the next two decades so it’s a pleasure to be here!” Happy Holidays and here’s to the next 20 years. Customers can order these with LC, MPO, or any other fiber optic connector they require. While some of the design elements differ from one hyperscale data center client to another, there are basic elements that are common with most hyperscale clients. A customer could rent a portion of a large data center and get “more for less” through the economies of scale. Operators of traditional data centers face difficulties catering to workloads that involve varying IT requirements. To accommodate scalability efficiently and effectively, organizations can now turn to hyperscale data centers. Courtesy: ESD, Design philosophies behind the hyperscale. Inspired by keynotes from Facebook and Mellanox, I had charted in my blog post “The Four Pillars of Hyperscale Computing” the progression of hardware and software in the data center from 2008 to 2020. Another internal electrical design option is distributed redundant. Hyperscale and cloud data center is the data center with hundreds of thousands of individual servers that are connected via a high-speed virtual network. Additionally, the maximum capacity of a single building is based upon the size of the network, which equates to 24 to 32 megawatts of processing. Partha’s part of the talk was about “the slowing of Moore’s law and the opportunities it has for co-design across the intersection of computer architecture and networking.” Motivated by graphs contrasting the improvement of SPECInt Rates 2006 Median versus the hours per minute of videos uploaded to YouTube (eerily looking like the design gap graphs from ITRS) and the 300,000X increase in AI compute demand from AlexNet in 2012 to AlphaGo Zero in 2017 in just 5 years, they illustrated the lessons learned when building efficient hardware accelerators. Flexible in approach, AFL Hyperscale design network solutions to meet the demands of any data center build, whether Hyperscale… August 27th, 2020 - By: Frank Schirrmeister In his keynote at CadenceLIVE Americas 2020 , Facebook’s Vijay Rao, director, Technology and Strategy, described the four core elements the team considers when designing their data centers—compute, storage, memory, and networking. The hyperscale model provides a new server design, too, one that is built to fit the needs of each data center including providing wider racks to accommodate more components. Additionally, UL is working with insurance underwriters to reduce premiums for property insurance that are UL Cloud Certified. Planning for capacity has always been an issue for hyperscale companies. Teraco Data Environments, one of Africa’s largest interconnection hub and vendor-neutral data centre providers, has announced that construction has commenced on a new hyperscale data centre with 38 megawatts (MW) of critical power load in Ekurhuleni, east of Johannesburg, South Africa. To install 3 megawatts per pod creates a risk of stranding capacity and thus is very expensive. … It is precisely this magnitude and complexity of scaling that makes a data center one of hyperscale. Name*(Note: This name will be displayed publicly), Email*(This will not be displayed publicly). Also, because the new standard is based upon hyperscale data centers, hyperscalers are using UL 3223 for a baseline comparison checklist when evaluating wholesale data centers. However, skidding does increase cost per megawatt, which may be offset by reducing general conditions in the schedule. Hyperscale Data Center Projections. Renewable energy: There is no doubt that these large data centers consume enormous amounts of power continuously. A co-location data center (sometimes called a co-lo facility) refers to a data center built and operated by a company that leases space to various end users of data within its facility. Most pods, or self-contained units, are designed for a 1.5 megawatt (10,000 square feet at 150 watts per square foot) deployment. Operators of traditional data centers face difficulties catering to workloads that involve varying IT requirements. To maintain high level of reliability while minimizing costs, a maximum of six primary blocks are backed up by one catcher block are recommended. While we are seeing dual minimum points of presence, the network design is typically a Tier II network, with four intermediate distribution frame closets running at 75 percent capacity in a distributed redundant configuration. New Data Center Designs for Hyperscale Cloud and the Enterprise. The inspiration for next-generation requirements for data center design comes from Google’s keynote, “Plotting a Course to a Continued Moore’s Law”, by Partha Ranganathan and Amin Vahdat at the Open Networking Foundation in September 2019. Hyperscale companies who rely on these data centers also have hyperscale … “At Rockley Photonics, we routinely evaluate our system design methodology so we can find ways to improve and enable our engineering team to perform at their peaks,” said David Nelson, vice president, IC design … The market is witnessing steady growth with continued … The benefit for the industry is that if a wholesale data center provider is UL Cloud Certified, hyperscale tenants will know that the facility complies to hyperscale requirements. Trends: In some cases when installing multiple feeds from different sources and at higher voltages, the engineering design may eliminate the need for standby generators for core processing. Anne Bradley, Julia Janaro and Megan Chorley, By Michael Mar, PE, LEED AP, CDT, and Paul Schlattman, ESD, Chicago, ASHRAE Technical Committee 9.9: Mission Critical Facilities, Data Centers, Technology Spaces and Electronic Equipment, Uptime Institute Tier Classification System, Top 5 Consulting-Specifying Engineer articles: November 27 to December 3, 2020, Best practices in science, technology office design, Multi-family housing design trends driven by COVID-19, Consulting-Specifying Engineer most-viewed articles, November 2020, Ask an expert: Justin Garner provides input on COVID-19, Virtual reality challenges, solutions for A/E firms, Weekly merger and acquisition update: November 27, 2020. Figure 4: Distributed redundant 4-to-make-3 block scheme without static transfer switches. New approaches to preventing counterfeiting across the supply chain. Additionally, the data center design internally affects how the utilities will comply to achieve 99.999 percent reliability. When it comes to Hyperscale data centers, there are significant differences beyond just size when compared to traditional data centers. Voila, six chips on a board were doing what was referred to as phase-correlation. Hybrid cloud connectivity Your partner for deploying and managing digital infrastructure. While this is still true with hyperscale companies that look at cost per kWh, it also must be considered from a scalability factor, in some cases as high as 350 to 400 megawatt per site. Explore further how cloud campuses will continue to enable hyperscale operators to rapidly add server capacity and electric power. These mega, Web-scale facilities have a minimum of 5,000 servers and are at least 10,000 sf, as defined by the International Data … Hyperscaled data center operators have better resources and bandwidth to support the growing demand for storing high-volume data. However, in many cases the contractor is competitively bid via a percentage of construction and brought in early to assist in the cost modeling. UL 3223 covers six areas of the design of the hyperscale data center. In addition, the hyperscale is comfortable at 90 degrees Fahrenheit intake at the server, whereas wholesale providers may need to stay within ASHRAE Technical Committee 9.9: Mission Critical Facilities, Data Centers, Technology Spaces and Electronic Equipment. These are some ginormous challenges. In contrast, a hyperscale data center runs thousands of physical servers and millions of virtual machines. Australian Expertise. This allows the end users to avoid constructing their own data centers and locate their servers in locations across the world for connectivity. In most cases this relates to approximately 7-8 kilowatt per rack. From customized data center design consulting and build-to-suit or turnkey development, to leasing and bespoke management and operations solutions, go beyond the core data center with T5. As such, it might be argued that the two biggest challenges of datacenter technology in the past 30 years have been addressed. This is difficult in a multi-tenant environment, especially if a hyperscale tenant is looking to lease space. Find out about our dedicated Hyperscale program. A hyperscale data center is a type of wholesale colocation engineered to meet the technical, operational and pricing requirements of hyperscale companies, such as Amazon, Alibaba, Facebook, Google, IBM, Microsoft and a handful of others. Then it would be used two more times to transform back from the frequency to the time domain and then feeding into yet another chip that was determining the maximum of the data for the duration of a frame of video. The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content. Building shell: In the past, wholesale data center providers have built nice interiors, and typically used precast or tilt-up construction. Synergy Research Group reports there are now 504 hyperscale data centers scattered … In the past, enterprise users were uncomfortable about this design philosophy of operating over 80 percent of capacity. Additionally, loads are taken as close to the equipment ratings as possible to reduce cost per megawatt. Hyperscale … DUBLIN, Dec. 1, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Hyperscale Data Center Market in APAC- Industry Outlook and Forecast 2020-2025" report has been added to's offering.. Regaining The Edge In U.S. Chip Manufacturing, ResNet-50 Does Not Predict Inference Throughput For MegaPixel Neural Network Models, China Speeds Up Advanced Chip Development, Making Chips To Last Their Expected Lifetimes, Efficient Low Power Verification & Debug Methodology Using Power-Aware Simulation, Engineering Talent Shortage Now Top Risk Factor, Understanding Advanced Packaging Technologies And Their Impact On The Next Generation Of Electronics, The Future Of Mobility: Autonomous, Connected, Electric, Shared, Auto Chip Reliability Opens Door To Other Industries, Creating Better Models For Software And Hardware Verification. Hyperscale customers (mobile device users) know of UL, and there is a statement of security to say the application’s infrastructure is UL Certified. Many of the campuses under design have multiple buildings and are built in a phased construction. Just two years ago, the Montreal data center market was primarily a local affair, dominated by homegrown providers. This tier gives its clients a guarantee of uptime and 2N (two times the amount required for operation) cooling and redundant power and infrastructure. In many cases, skid construction of the switchgear and UPS systems are pre-assembled to decrease schedule objectives. With this option, reliability studies show only one utility service to the site is sufficient to achieve 99.999 percent reliability. Computational software is at the core of all of it, and traditional EDA is only a component of the much bigger market of technical software. Lead times on equipment installation dramatically reduces the chance to win hyperscale tenants. As we are in the process of hyperscaling the large volumes of data that our devices and sensors create, processing this data along the way at far and near edges, and transmitting the hard-to-imagine volumes of data through networks to data centers for processing, the data center itself is undergoing a fundamental shift with new networking and architecture co-design opportunities. In all cases though, the network is backed up by standby generators. It is all about the proper system design of software, hardware compute, storage, memory and networking. For example, with the provisions of a 3 megawatt reserve bus, the wholesale provider has the capability to backup 300 watts per square foot in a single primary block for a hyperscale tenant. While the network load is light, each expansion block of processing is typically built out in 2 to 4 megawatt increments. Hyperscalers do not care about interior finishes, and metal buildings are acceptable. Courtesy: ESD. Traditional data centers are not always agile enough to scale to meet the dynamic nature of these workloads. The form factors, by design, work to maximize performance. Typically, the equipment is sized for 1 megawatt UPS modules and 3 megawatt generators, all readily available components. The certification is conducted by teams of eight, encompassing all disciplines required within a design. Hyperscale/cloud data center operators pursue lower total cost of ownership and higher-level modularity and scalability in order to offer the end users on-demand IT capacity with highest efficiency and flexibility at any time anywhere. Figure 3: Distributed redundant 4-to-make-3 block scheme with static transfer switches. Additionally, batteries within the servers can now operate up to three hours of battery life, allowing for the redundancy to effectively be picked up within the network. Hyperscale computing is usually used in environments such as big data and cloud computing. Additionally, purchasing of energy credits further achieves their 100 percent renewable energy goals. Therefore, to achieve the 99.999 percent reliability levels with a catcher block system, a redundant utility line is required to serve all primary blocks. This is typically achieved by direct and or indirect evaporative cooling units. Water:  As with energy, water conservation and usage has become a real issue among hyperscalers. Examples are streaming movies or video events. The point of the story? We will need the equivalent of operating systems to manage the distributed runtime state of the software/hardware architecture. If the mechanical cooling system is fed off its own dedicated distribution system, then a catcher block design concept in which the reserve block is sized larger than the standard primary blocks or is modular so that the addition of power modules to an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) increases the critical capacity of the reserve block can provide this flexibility. The next largest hosting country is China with only 8 percent of the market. 2 hours ago. One of the important elements of design is balancing cost per megawatt and the speed-to-market approach. And these challenges exist at several levels of scope from data centers all the way to the semiconductor IP in the underlying chips. Is Hardware-Assisted Verification Avoidable? I can only echo Partha’s sentiment at the opening of the ONF keynote. Designing Chips for Hyperscale Data Centers: IP. 9.6 M &A To Fuel Hyperscale Data Center Growth 10 Market Restraints 10.1 Location Constraints For Hyperscale Data Center Construction 10.2 Data Center Security Challenges 10.3 … Since December 2018, U.S. based data center … The security, however, is increased for the hyperscale campuses versus what is typically found among wholesale data center providers. ... Our engineers have the experience and the capacity to partner with our cloud customers to drive a design that gives the lowest possible operating cost over the term of the lease. Edge also has important low latency applications such as gaming and trading. Another report by Markets & Markets estimates the hyperscale data center market to grow from $25.08 billion in 2017 to $80.65 billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 26.32 per cent. UL Cloud Certification eliminates the time wasted by hyperscalers to evaluate different designs and built conditions. Data Center Trends. However, during integrated system test commissioning, the equipment won’t be tested at its full rating but instead at a lower level, such as at 90 percent of its capacity. The philosophy includes to build new when your loads hit 85 to 90 percent of rating. Learn of the technical aspects of supporting hyperscale clients. Hyperscale facilities have distinct design and management requirements to support the complexity of new workloads and storage demands. Nearly half of hyperscale data center operators are located inside the U.S. This option eliminates static transfer switches (and inherently equipment failure points); instead the load is distributed to another distribution pathway with spare capacity. The current fourth epoch of “Max Single Thread, Massive Scale Out”—the one that we are in—requires 100us latencies with fault tolerance, load balancing, non-uniform memory accesses and multithreaded concurrency for performance. These include concurrently maintainable design, reliability, sustainability, commissioning, security and network design. This post adds Google’s view to that picture with regard to how networking and compute intertwine in the next, fifth epoch of distributed computing. Share of hyperscale data center locations worldwide 2017-2020, by country Global figure of hyperscale data centers 2015-2020 Global hyperscale operators CAPEX Q1 2016 - Q4 2019 What is a system to begin with? That’s until I realized that it would be used four times—first to do transformation in two dimensions from the discrete time domain to the discrete frequency domain, feeding the output of the first two chips into the one doing the intermediate calculations. Non-determinism is frustrating with a single drive. Both QTS and Iron Mountain have adapted UL 3223 for their data centers, as well as risk management from hyperscalers. This, combined with other factors, creates an issue with municipalities that also includes high water use. Whatever looks like a system to the developer, becomes a component within the next bigger system of bigger scope. While design/build is still used occasionally, design-bid-build is the preferred method of hyperscalers when considering the overall process. The facility, known as JB4, is scheduled for completion in Q1 2022 and as a stand-alone building, will … Hyperscale have distinctly unique design and management requirements to support the massive scale of new workloads and storage demands. ). Challenges range from constant security updates to expected lifetimes that last beyond the companies that made them. Hyperscale data centres, connect anywhere and everywhere. Stream uses a scalable design for all hyperscale data center deployments that allows customers to get exactly what they need Day 1, maintaining the ability to scale over time if needed. Taiwan and Korea are in the lead, and China could follow. Search Products And Discover New Innovations In Your Industry, Michael Mar, PE, LEED AP, CDT, and Paul Schlattman, ESD, Chicago. World-Class Design. The certification is conducted by teams of eight, encompassing all disciplines required within a design. On the other end of the spectrum is a tier 4 data center. When multiplied by thousands or tens of thousands of drives in a data center, it becomes unacceptable. To compete, it’s time to break habits in place since the 1970s. The illustration below shows the different levels of scope from a tools and semiconductor IP perspective. Figure 2: Block redundant 7-to-make-6 scheme, larger reserve block for co-location for hyper scale. That changed as hyperscale customers arrived to take advantage of Quebec’s ample supply of cheap hydro power. Google for example, has been stripping its servers for years, reducing direct energy cost of operations. Another concept for the co-location for hyperscale design is creating smaller blocks where each block powers both critical IT and cooling loads. Amin’s portion of the Google keynote is a great illustration of the latter. One electrical design concept is a catcher block configuration (see Figure 1), where a block is defined as a modular, repeatable distribution sub-system with both a utility and generator connection. As applications are developed, the growth of how that application will sell on the market creates unpredictable expansion projections. Flexible in approach, AFL Hyperscale design network solutions to meet the demands of any data center build, whether Hyperscale, Colocation, Enterprise, or Telecom. Recently, UL created data center certification program UL 3223, which is based around hyperscale requirements. The conclusion to all the challenges is to extend programmability to the full data center, as the graph in my previous post showed, and to further integrate networking, compute, memory and storage. As a result, some of the larger hyperscale companies have developed their own wind farms and solar energy plants to support their operation. Hyperscale data centers require architecture that allows for a homogenous scale-out of greenfield applications – projects that really have no constraints. However, there are a few hyperscalers that operate their edge computing at the large core campuses. Hyperscale/cloud data center operators pursue lower … Figure 1: Block redundant 7-to-make-6 block scheme, all blocks equal. For years UL has been the label of trust and integrity concerning safety and reliability. The servers are constructed using basic elements, but easily changeable for a more customized fit. We listen to our customers to help create data center solutions that meet their exact requirement. While some of the hyperscale companies build their core data centers in remote areas, they rely on smaller installations near highly populated areas, thus increasing general processing speeds. Project schedules for the large-scale data centers are at 12 months, with pod buildouts at three months. The challenge among wholesale data center builders is to not create stranded capacity. ), the subsystems as part of the chips, and the processor and design IP enabling the subsystems. Hyperscale data centers. Using Sensor Data To Improve Yield And Uptime. ... and large hyperscale … For that higher degree of reliability, hyperscalers prefer multiple diverse paths with underground service preferred to overhead service. Massive innovation to drive orders of magnitude improvements in performance. Here are some of the business strategies that are behind site selection for hyperscale companies: Reliability of power: Current and future capacity of the utility company is important to ensure a site can be powered, but another major theme among hyperscale clients is the reliability of electrical utility power, some which prefer a design of 99.999 percent. The fact is that edge has been a design philosophy among hyperscalers for years. Turning to data centers, what is referred to as system design highly depends on the scope and context of the object that is under design, driven by the top-down requirements. In a few cases, dual power sources (nuclear and hydro) have been brought to the site to further enhance reliability. Hyperscale refers to the ability of a data center infrastructure to scale with demand for storage. In this configuration, primary critical blocks are the normal source for information technology (IT) power and cooling loads while a catcher (reserve) block mimics a primary block and becomes the backup power source in the case of a single failure on a primary block.
2020 hyperscale data center design